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Overview of Conjoined Twins
Conjoined twins are 2 babies who are born physically connected to each other.
Conjoined twins develop once an early embryo solely partially separates to create 2 individuals. Although 2 fetuses can develop from this embryo, they’ll stay physically connected most frequently at the chest, abdomen or pelvis. Conjoined twins can also share one or a lot of internal organs.
Many conjoined twins die within the uterus (stillborn) or die shortly once birth. Some surviving conjoined twins can be surgically separated. The success of surgery depends on wherever the twins are joined and how many and which organs are shared, also as the experience and talent of the surgical team.
Facts of Conjoined Twins
- They are always identical twins, that also suggests that they’re identical sex. They’re developed from one fauna that doesn’tcomplete the split.
- Conjoined (aka Siamese) twins are a awfully rare complication withidentical twin pregnancies, occurring in about one in each 200,000 pregnancies.
- It is seventieth more probably that conjoined twins are going to be female. Female babies are a lot of stronger than male babies. though males twins are more likely to conjoin the female sets are more likely to survive.
- The earliest documented twins who were conjoined are brothers fromArmenia and dates back to 945 AD. The brothers were connected the waist to the abdomen. During an attempt to separate the boys one dies and also the other died three days later.
- Another set of twins who were connected at the hip and shoulder, are considered one of the more famous documented twins, mary and Eliza Chulkhurst. They were from Kent, England and have become known as the Biddenden Maids. They lived till the age of thirty four.
- The phrase Siamese Twins come from the famous twins, chang and Eng Bunker from thailand (which was known as siam at the time). The brothers became famous before marrying and settling down in the united states. The expression Siamese Twins now-a-days is viewed as inappropriate.
- About 500th of conjoined (siamese) twins are stillborn and 35th solely survive for the first 24 hours. And 5 – 25th of all can survive.
- In modern times, the first conjoined 2 (who were conjoined at the lower back) that were separated successfully was caroline and Catherine mouton from louisiana. Born in 1953 and at only 8 days old they were separated with both girls surviving. The actual first ever successful separation is claimed to be within the year 1689 of females joined by a ligament only 4.7” wide.
- There is no documentation to counsel conjoined triplets or more have ever existed. The possibility of a parasitic twin along with conjoined would be a lot of possible.
- This is not preventable and there’s nothing the mother has done wrong.
- Joined Twins are born all throughout the planet and are not limited to any racial or ethnic groups.
Types of Conjoined Twins
There’s many alternative ways that twins is conjoined. However, they can be categorised into a number of types. The most common type is known as thoracopagus twins. These twins are connected at the higher portion of thier torsos.
Another classification is called thoracopagus, within which case twins share a heart. It’s practically not possible to separate them and have them both survive because of how closely they’re joined. More or less 400th of twins who square measure conjoined fall into this category.
The next most common type, making up about 33rd of cases, is known as omphalopagus. In this type of conjunction twins are joined from breastbone to waist. They almost never share a heart, however might share a liver, gastrointestinal or genitourinary functions depending on their distinctive bodily structure.
Lastly, the rarest type of conjoined twinning is craniophagus twins. These twins are joined at the head (cranium). Making up only 2, they are actually uncommon.