Atypical Lymphocytes: Causes and Treatment

atypical lymphocytes


What is Atypical Lymphocytes?

Atypical Lymphocytes is also known as the reactive lymphocytes in the medical industry.

However, first of all of you should know about the lymphocyte. They are the white blood cells that play an important part in our immune system. Lymphocytes are divided into two categories: T cells and B cells. The main job of B cells is to make antibodies for fighting against the invading viruses, toxins, and bacteria while the T cells destroy the infected cells in the body.

atypical lymphocytes

In addition to that, the infection also increases the number of white blood cells in the body. This condition is known as the Atypical Lymphocytosis. The major symptoms of this condition include acute viral infections and protozoal infections.

Now, the real question what is Atypical Lymphocytes?

It can be defined as the condition of lymphocytes that are bigger in size than the usual ones and responds well to the exposure of antigen. The shape of these cells can be elliptic, folded, round or even indented. The normal size of these lymphocytes is generally more than 30 microns. It may develop in people of all the ages, but the people with the weaker immune system have a greater chance of contraction with this condition. They can be found in the body in different colors that include deep blue, pale blue or simple gray.

read more: Reactive Lymphocytes: Types and Causes

atypical vs. normal lymphocytes

Causes of Atypical Lymphocytes

There is a range of factors that cause the development of this condition inside the body. Generally, this type of conditions relates to the white blood cells that involve cancer or STDs, but that is not the case with the Atypical Lymphocytes. Have a look at main factors responsible for this condition:

  • Viral infections – The main cause of this disease is the illness due to bacteria and viral infections in the body.
  • Autoimmune Disorders – There are some kinds of autoimmune disorders that can be a reason for the development of Atypical Lymphocytosis.
  • Reactions to Treatments – The lymphocytes can also become atypical due to drug reactions, and chemotherapy treatments.
  • Stress related issues – 

    The changes in the stress and hormone levels can be a reason for reactive lymphocytes. This condition commonly observed in the people who suffer from the endocrine disorders.

read more: Signs and Symptoms of Lymphocytosis


What are the treatments available for the Atypical Lymphocytes?

When it comes to treating the enlarged lymphocytes, there is no specific medicine or treatment available in the medical science. First of all, the doctor will find the exact cause for the development of Atypical Lymphocytes.  They will perform the blood tests for calculating the number of lymphocytes in the body.

If there will be an indication of any type of increase, a peripheral blood smear will undergo. In this process, the blood sample will be smeared onto the glass and after that, it will be dried and stained with a dye. The regular lymphocytes stain a light blue color, whereas the Atypical Lymphocytes stain a much darker blue color than the regular ones.

Generally, the antibiotics work in most of the case as it helps in reducing the cell counts. Additionally, the vitamin supplements and healthy foods are advised by the doctors.


Home treatments to fight against the Atypical Lymphocytes

There are many home based treatments that have proven their benefits in treating atypical lymphocytosis or lymphocytes. Have a look at some of them mentioned below:

  • Consume citrus fruits – The consumption of citrus fruits, such as lemon and oranges should be increased. They come with a higher concentration of vitamin C and helps in improving the immunity.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol – Individuals who suffer from reactive lymphocytes shouldn’t consume alcohol because it can promote the production of T cells and B cells.
  • Modifications in Dietary intake – There is a very important part played by the dietary intake in the improving the body immunity. The atypical lymphocytes can be treated by increasing the intake of pulses, cereals, meat, white eggs, and chicken. There is a high protein content in these foods that can be very useful to deal with this condition.
  • Taking Biochemic Medicines – The immune system can be improved by taking regular doses of Biochemic drugs, such as Natrum Sulph and Calc Phos. In addition to that, these drugs can also help in making the body strong.
  • Turmeric with low-fat milk – There are many strong antimicrobial properties in turmeric, whereas the milk comes with an adequate amount of minerals and vitamins. Drinking low-fat milk with a spoon of turmeric in it can help in the dealing with atypical lymphocytes.

read more: Atypical Lymphocytosis: Causes & Treatment

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