Atypical Lymphocytes: Causes and Treatment

atypical lymphocytes

What is Atypical Lymphocytes?

Lymphocytes play a crucial role in the immune response of the body.

An atypical lymphocyte is non malignant condition which is characterized by large and abnormal structure of lymphocytes. There are several stimuli that are responsible for the development of atypical lymphocytes.

Atypical lymphocytes develop when the lymphocyte reacts with antigen found in the body. Antigens are foreign proteins which can be associated with pollen, virus, fungi or bacteria in the blood.

Since there are several factors that are responsible for development of atypical lymphocytes, it is of utmost vitality to identify the causative factor. The treatment protocol for the management of the condition would primarily depend upon the underlying cause for the condition.

read more: Reactive Lymphocytes: Types and Causes

Causes Of Atypical Reactive Lymphocytes

Reactive lymphocytes or atypical lymphocytes are associated with viral or bacterial infections. However they may also be associated with other conditions include auto-immune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis. Some of the common causes for atypical lymphocyte include:

  • Drug reactions or medications are often associated with atypical lymphocyte.
  • Immunization is also considered to result in formation of atypical lymphocytes.
  • Stress and hormonal changes are responsible for the condition. In individuals suffering from endocrinal disorders like Addison’s disease, atypical lymphocytes are commonly observed.
  • Exposure to radiations is another cause of atypical lymphocytes.
  • Bacterial and viral infections can result in formation of atypical lymphocytes.
  • Viral disease like cytomegalovirus, Epstein Barr Virus and Hepatitis C are common causes for atypical lymphocytes.
  • Bacterial infections like toxoplasmosis, Syphilis and Streptococcal infections can also stimulate the formation of atypical lymphocytes.

read more: Signs and Symptoms of Lymphocytosis

Treatment For Atypical Lymphocytes

There is no specific treatment available for the management of atypical lymphocyte. The treatment and management of the condition would depend upon the underlying cause for development of atypical lymphocytes.

Here are some simple home based treatments that have been found beneficial in the management of viral and bacterial infections that are responsible for atypical lymphocytes:

  • Increase the intake of citrus fruits like lemon, lime, oranges, etc. These fruits are high in vitamin C concentration and contribute towards enhancing immunity.
  • Add a teaspoon of turmeric to a glass of low fat milk. Curcumin in turmeric has strong anti microbial properties while milk is loaded with vitamins and minerals essential for production of normal lymphocytes.
  • Biochemic drugs like Calc Phos, Natrum Sulph, etc. are considered to improve the immune status of an individual and reduce the susceptibility of an individual to infections.
  • Dietary corrections may play a crucial role in improving immunity. Increase the intake of lean meat and chicken along with eggs, cereals and pulses. These foods are high in proteins and help in the production of normal lymphocytes.
  • Avoid the consumption of alcohol, which can have a detrimental effect on the liver and can result in altered production of lymphocytes.

read more: Atypical Lymphocytosis: Causes & Treatment

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