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What Are Rash and Sore Throat?
Rash and Sore throat can be painful and annoying. Fortunately, most sore throats are caused by a minor illness and go away without medical treatment. A common physical symptom, it is usually caused by acute pharyngitis (inflammation of the throat), although it can also appear as a result of trauma, diphtheria, or other conditions. A sore throat may cause mild to extreme pain.
Treatment of Rash and Sore Throat
Analgesics such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and paracetamol (acetaminophen) help in the management of pain. Steroids are also useful in this respect. The Mayo Clinic advises gargling with salty warm water, and resting the voice. Symptoms without active treatment usually last two to seven days. Other remedies include throat lozenges, cough syrups, and chicken soup.
Treatment for a rash and sore throat depends on the cause. For example, antihistamine medications can treat a rash and sore throat caused by an allergic reaction. In severe instances, epinephrine can help reduce swelling in the throat.
While viral infections can’t be cured with medication, bacterial infections can. Your doctor can prescribe antibiotics to reduce the infection’s symptoms and duration.
Your doctor also can prescribe or recommend a topical lotion or spray to reduce itching and discomfort from a rash.
How Can I Prevent Rash and Sore Throat?
Frequent handwashing can help control the spread of infection. This includes washing your hands after sneezing, before and after eating, and after direct contact with others.
Avoiding common allergens like strongly scented cosmetics and cigarette smoke can reduce the likelihood that you’ll experience a reaction. Knowing which substances you’re allergic to can help you better avoid them and prevent unpleasant symptoms.
42 Types of Skin Rash and Sore throat
Viral pharyngitis is a sore throat caused by a virus, and causes throat pain and cold-like symptoms.
- Strep throat: Strep throat is a throat infection causing symptoms including a red sore throat with white patches.
- Tonsillitis: Tonsillitis is painful swelling in the tonsils, causing sore throat, red tonsils, pain, fever, and more.
- Laryngitis: Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx, or voice box, causing hoarseness and loss of voice.
- Acute sinusitis: Acute sinusitis, an inflammation of the sinuses, causes sinus pain and tenderness, facial redness and more.
- Common cold: The common cold is a viral respiratory infection causing sore throat, stuffy or runny nose, headache and more.
- Indoor allergens: Indoor allergens are the things that cause an allergic reaction: dust, dust mites, mold, pet hair and more.
- Contact dermatitis: Contact dermatitis is a rash on the skin that can be itchy, painful, tender swollen and even blistered.
- Lice: Head lice are tiny visible insects that infest the hair and scalp causing itchiness and bumps in that area.
- Eczema (child): Eczema is a common cause of skin rashes in children, causing redness, bumps, swelling, itchiness, and more.
- Actinic keratosis: Actinic keratosis is scaly or crusty bumps that appear on areas of skin that get a lot of sun exposure
- Dust exposure: Dust exposure can cause congestion, runny nose, cough, shortness of breath, tightness in the chest, and more.
- Smoke exposure: Exposure to smoke can cause coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, chest pain, and more.
- Heartburn/GERD: Symptoms of heartburn and GERD are a burning feeling in the chest, throat, or mouth, nausea, and more.
- Eczema (infants): Eczema is a common cause of skin rashes in infants, causing redness, bumps, swelling, itchiness, and more.
- Epiglottitis: Epiglottitis is a rare, life-threatening illness that keeps air from getting to the lungs.
- Lyme disease: Lyme disease is a bacterial infection spread through tick bites; symptoms include rash, fever chills, and more.
- Mononucleosis: Mononucleosis is a viral infection causing extreme fatigue, sore throat, fever, rash, muscle aches, and more.
- Mumps: Mumps is a contagious viral disease that causes painful swelling of the glands that produce saliva.
- Pityriasis rosea: Pityriasis rosea is a rash causing pink, reddish, or purplish oval patches on the chest, belly, arms, and legs.
- Poison ivy, oak, and sumac: The toxin found in poison ivy, oak, and sumac causes an itchy, allergic rash with raised welts and blisters.
- Respiratory syncytial virus: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a virus that causes symptoms similar to the common cold.
- Ringworm (scalp or face): Ringworm is a fungal infection and causes itching and characteristic ring-shaped sores on the skin or scalp.
- Scarlet fever: Scarlet fever is a red itchy rash on the body caused by streptococcal bacteria.
- Erythema migrans: Erythema migrans is the name for the bull’s-eye rash that occurs with Lyme disease.
- Chickenpox (varicella): Chickenpox is an illness that causes a red, itchy rash, fever, headache, sore throat, and body aches.
- Phlebitis: Phlebitis means inflammation of the veins, and can cause redness, itching, irritation, pain, and swelling.
- Pilonidal cyst: A pilonidal cyst forms under the skin at the tailbone, and usually contains skin debris and hair.
- Thyroid cancer: Thyroid cancer is cancer of the thyroid gland and can cause a cough, hoarseness, a lump in the neck, and more.
- Folliculitis: Folliculitis, an infection of one or more hair follicles, causes a tender, red patch of skin and blisters.
- Thermal burn of mouth or tongue: A thermal burn of the mouth or tongue can cause pain, blisters, peeling skin, and temporary loss of taste.
- Hiatal hernia: When hiatal hernia symptoms do occur, they include chest pain and burning, sweating, a bitter taste and more.
- Brown recluse spider bite: A brown recluse spider bite causes pain, redness, an open sore, nausea, muscle pain and fever.
- Toxic shock syndrome: Toxic shock syndrome is a serious bacterial infection and causes fever, low blood pressure, a rash, and
- Henoch-schonlein purpura: Henoch-schonlein purpura is a condition that causes a purple bruise-like rash on the legs and buttocks.
- Kawasaki disease: Kawasaki disease is an uncommon inflammation of the blood vessels; the most common symptom is fever.
- CREST syndrome: CREST syndrome is a rare autoimmune disease that causes tissues to harden throughout the body.
- Hypothyroidism (infant and child): Hypothyroidism in children can cause delayed growth, weight gain, a puffy face, a large tongue, and more.
- Measles: Measles is a highly contagious viral infection and causes a fever, cough, a rash, sore throat, and more.
- Bird (avian) flu: Bird flu is spread to people from birds and causes fever, cough, sore throat and muscle aches.
- Shingles (herpes zoster): Shingles is a painful, blistering, skin rash typically found on the back and sides of the chest.
- Throat cancer: Throat cancer can cause symptoms including difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, and chronic cough.
- West nile virus: West Nile virus is an infection spread by mosquitoes, and can cause diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, and more.